2 theoretical perspectives humans like any other species have been shaped by the forces of evolution the term environment of evolutionary adaptation or eea is used to denote the qualities of the environment humans are adapted to live in 67obviously this environment comprised a closer presence of nature compared to what most people experience today. Psychiatric illness a large body of research in the past four decades has provided evidence that recent life events contribute to the onset of psychiatric illness the association between stressful life events and psychiatric illness is stronger than the association with physical or medical illness. Health psychology is a specialty area that focuses on how biology psychology behavior and social factors influence health and illness other terms including medical psychology and behavioral medicine are sometimes used interchangeably with the term health psychology. Stressors have a major influence upon mood our sense of well being behavior and health acute stress responses in young healthy individuals may be adaptive and typically do not impose a health burden however if the threat is unremitting particularly in older or unhealthy individuals the long . Understand the relationships and interactions between health stress and coping in order to understand how people learn to cope with stress it is important to first reflect on the different conceptualizations of stress and how the coping research has emerged alongside distinct approaches to stress
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